People associate acne prone skin with teenagers. Acne is very common in teenagers and younger adults. About 95% of people aged 11 to 30 are affected by acne to some extent. Acne is most common in girls from the ages of 14 to 17, and in boys from the ages of 16 to 19. Whilst it is a fact of teenage life that when puberty hits, it’s often that acne does, too. Some experts say that the cause of acne is hereditary and hormonal. At puberty, the oil glands around the hair follicles on the skin enlarge and oil production also increases too. Teenage acne is thought to be triggered by increased levels of testosterone.
Acne is caused when these tiny holes in the skin (hair follicles) become blocked. Sebaceous glands are tiny glands near to the surface of your skin, which are attached to hair follicles that an individual hair grows out of. Sebaceous glands lubricate the hair and the skin to stop it drying out by producing an oily substance called sebum. With acne, the glands begin to produce too much sebum and it’s this excess sebum mixed with dead skin cells that form to create a plug in the follicle. If the blocked follicle is close to the surface of the skin, it bulges outwards to create a whitehead or a blackhead if the blocked follicle is open to the skin. Harmless bacteria that live on the skin can then contaminate and infect blocked follicles to cause papules, pustules, nodules or cysts.
What is adult acne?
Adult acne typically occurs after the age of 25. The same factors that cause teenage acne are at play in adult acne too. Some of the key factors that directly contribute to acne include excess oil production, clogged pores, bacteria and inflammation. The sebaceous glands are sensitive to hormones and an increase in levels of testosterone cause glands to produce more sebum than the skin needs.
Different Types of Acne
Most people have acne on and off for several years before their symptoms start to improve as they get older. There are 6 main types of spot caused by acne:
- blackheads – small black or yellowish bumps that develop on the skin; they're not filled with dirt, but are black because the inner lining of the hair follicle produces colour
- whiteheads – have a similar appearance to blackheads, but may be firmer and will not empty when squeezed
- papules – small red bumps that may feel tender or sore
- pustules – similar to papules, but have a white tip in the centre, caused by a build-up of pus
- nodules – large hard lumps that build up beneath the surface of the skin and can be painful
- cysts – the most severe type of spot caused by acne; they're large pus-filled lumps that look similar to boils and carry the greatest risk of causing permanent scarring
How to achieve results?
We highly recommend using the 4-Step Kit as part of an overall skincare routine in the morning and evening. Don’t forget that there is a build-up of sweat during the night on your skin and a build-up of dirt and make-up during the day on your skin – so you MUST remember to use the 4-Step Kit in the morning and evening.
Follow the instructions
Please use the four products as instructed. There’s no need to add more than directed as this will not speed up the skincare process for faster results. In fact, you may end up clogging your pores and that’s exactly what we are trying to avoid. Don’t forget to do a patch test on the skin before adding any new skincare products to your daily routine. You can do this by applying a small amount of product to a clear area of skin, such as the wrist and wait at least 24 hours before introducing to your daily skincare routine.
What do our customers say about acne when using the 4-Step Kit?
Olai says "Best thing ever: I took a while to write a review because my skin takes longer to work with products, but this cleansing oil worked wonders on my skin. I had really bad adult acne that just didn’t want to go, anytime one went away two would pop up but this oil cleared 98% of my face and it has helped fade the dark spots that were left behind. I highly recommend this product and I will definitely be buying more of the range."
Stacey says "Unreal products: Literally the saving grace for my skin. I have had adult acne for the past 6 years with the worst flare up being last year and I have tried every skincare brand under the sun ranging from la roche posay to Clinique to Dermalogica to Clarins and nothing has made much difference. I got the 4 step kit 2-3 weeks ago and within 4 days my skin changed dramatically. My skin is almost completely clear to the point I’ve been to work without makeup on for the first time in YEARS. I cannot recommend these products enough. They smell and feel unbelievable on my skin and have given me back my confidence to go out makeup free again. I’m so happy I could cry. I’m never going back you have a customer for life"
Francesca says "4 step kit: Other than the odd bit of hormonal acne at that time of month, my skin has been SO CLEAR and it has reduced/minimised the appearance of blackheads majorly. Since i started using in september, it’s been so helpful"